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Contributing Factors of Child Abuse

• Poverty & Economic Status (38%)
Other contributing stresses may include: an unwanted child, an unsupported single parent household and the absence of other means of social support, financial pressures and/or unemployment.

• Inefficient Parental Capacity & Skills (23%)
Physical violence often originates from the lack of parenting skills - particularly in the ability to respond to a young child's needs combined with unrealistic expectations for the stage of a child's development. This can be affected by the cultural acceptance of corporal punishment and violence within a society.

• Domestic Violence (18%)
Domestic violence is a crime against all family members, but its saddest victims are children. Seventy-percent of children living in violent homes are themselves physically abused or seriously neglected.
The most highly reported cases of abuse occurring in children 0-5 were of neglect, physical and other abuses.

     Neglect
Consistent and significant failure to provide the child with the essential necessities for living appropriate to the child's level of development. Necessities include: Food, clothing, shelter, emotional security, psychological stimulation, medical needs and supervision.

     Physical Abuse
Non-accidental injury inflicted on a child by a person in power (namely parents or caregiver). Such infliction usually does not happen only once, and may be a continuous thing. It is more often than not a pattern of behaviour that occurs over a period of time.
Physical abuse includes:
  • Punching, slapping, scalding, suffocating or strangulation, biting, hitting with an object (belt, fly swatter, stick, etc.), hair yanking and/or head stomping a child.
  • Throwing a child against a wall.
  • Causing a child to have bruising, lacerations or welts (possibly as a result of over punishment).
  • Intentionally dropping or shaking the child.

     Other Abuses
These include abandonment, multiple types of maltreatment, imminent risk, substance abuse, dependency, threat of harm and bizarre discipline.

Emotional Abuse
Any repeated act which, results in the child suffering any kind of significant emotional deprivation or trauma.

This can include:
  • Depriving the child of love, warmth, and needed attention.
  • Ridiculing or making fun of the child.
  • Threatening and/or degrading the child.
  • Making comments that insults the child.

 

Kidz Clinics

Alexandra
Alexandra is a crowded township adjacent to Africa's financial capital. The Kidz Clinic is strategically situated behind the New Alexandra Police Station. more...
   
Boksburg
The Boksburg Kidz Clinic is the flagship clinic situated in a quiet street close the the CBD. This industrial city and its environs are deeply affected by the recession and rising unemployment is placing strain on families and communities. more...
   
Duduza
The Duduza Kidz Clinic is a satellite clinic located in the Far East Rand where unemployment is chronic. more...
   
Orange Farm
Orange Farm is a sprawling township surrounded by informal settlements south-west of Johannesburg. This semi-rural settlement experiences one of the highest rates of unemployment in Gauteng. more...
   
Pretoria
The Pretoria Kidz Clinic is situated in Menlo Park. more...
   

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